The name of the indoor flower of the monstera comes from the word monstrous, which literally means “bizarre” or “amazing.” Some associate the name of this culture with the word “monster”, endowing asthenia with mythical properties. In Europe, it appeared almost two centuries ago, but the Danish botanist F. Liebman gave a scientific description of the monstera only a century later.
Monstera (Monstera) belongs to the Aroid family. Homeland – the tropics of America.
The genus unites 22 species of herbaceous perennials, mainly vines, common in the tropical regions of Central and South America. According to the description, the monstera plant resembles epiphytes. In favorable home conditions, it is possible not only blooming monstera with snow-white flowers but also ripening edible fruits with pineapple flavor.
Next, you can find photos and names of popular species of monstera, as well as recommendations for caring for these plants.
Types of Monstera Plants: Names and Description
Monstera is an evergreen powerful liana with a dignified stem, up to 6 m long. At the base of the leaf petiole, aerial roots grow, which, having reached the soil, take root. Part of the air roots is attached to the support, wall, etc.
Monstera leaves are glossy, green, up to 1 m in diameter. As the monstera grows, the whole leaf blade becomes pinnately dissected.
The flowers are small, collected in an inflorescence-cob with a white blanket. Violet-colored fruiting is formed 10-12 months after flowering. Indoor monstera rarely blooms
Monstera is delicious. Liana with thick stems and aerial roots reaching the ground. When describing this monstera flower, it is especially worth noting large leaves up to 60 cm wide, initially solid and heart-shaped, with age they become incised and perforated.
In indoor conditions, this species, as a rule, does not bloom, but in large conservatories, you can see greenish inflorescences similar to an ear. They are covered with a light yellow broad-oval cover sheet. At the place of the cob, edible fertility is formed. Initially, it contains a lot of oxalic acid calcium, which creates an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth. As maturation occurs, its amount decreases significantly and the unpleasant effect disappears completely. The garden form of this species grows faster, moreover, it is not so large: its leaves are only about 30 cm across.
Monstera is unequal. Significantly smaller liana with oblong-elliptic slightly asymmetric leaves, in which elongated holes of various sizes are formed between the veins.
All types of monstera are good for vertical design of winter gardens, terraces, and medium and large rooms. Requires additional retaining walls, trellises. Monstera unequal can also be used as an ample plant in an apartment.
Propagation of Monstera Plant
Monstera flower propagation is performed by apical and stem cuttings or air layers at a constant substrate temperature of 25–27 ° С. The cutlery must be planted in the moist warm sand, covered with a glass jar and put in a warm place.
Another way of propagating a monstera plant is also possible. To do this, cut off part of the stem and cut it into pieces so that in each piece an “eye” is visible – a kidney. Pieces of the stem are laid sideways in moist moss or on the wet sand. Cover the moss or sand bowl with a glass jar and place it in a warm place. Pieces of the monstera sprout for a rather long time, forming a stem and roots from a kidney. You can grow a young monstera from a cut off growth top, also placed in moist moss.