Tillandsia (Tillandsia): Species of Flowers and Moss

Indoor plants are grown: T. Linden (T. lindenii), T. silvery (T. argentea), T. blue (T. suapea), T. dwarf (T. usneoides) and many others.

In culture since 1899. Distributed in Colombia and Venezuela; in tropical forests or on rocky outcrops; at an altitude of 600-1750 m above sea level. Epiphytic or epilithic plant, stemless or with a long leafy stem. It blooms in April and May.

The leaves are linear, straight or curled, thin, keeled at the bottom, completely covered with ash or brown scales.

The flowers are not very impressive. The peduncle is missing. Apical inflorescence of 1-2 flowers. Bracts are lanceolate, pointed, thin-film, with one vein, glabrous, not exceeding half the length of the sepals. Sepals are elliptical, blunt, glabrous, not fused, 1.5 cm long. The petals are erect, twisted at the apex, asymmetrical, red, about 4 cm long. Stamens and pestle protrude from the corolla.

The fruit is a box.

In culture since 1894. Distributed in the subtropics of Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); most often grows on rocks; at heights of up to 850 m above sea level. Epiphytic or epilithic plant with a densely leafy stalk, reaching a length of 30 cm during flowering. The stem is simple or branching. It blooms in June.

Leaves 3–7 cm long, curved, stiff, almost cylindrical, with a tip extended, keeled, covered with scales.

The flower stalk is thin, rises above the leaves, bare, the leaves on the flower stalk are tiled, elliptical or oval, thin-film, pink, during the ripening of the seeds densely covered with scales. The inflorescence is simple, of 5-12 flowers, 3-5 cm long. The bracts are oval, pointed, thin-film, pink, bare, exceed the sepals. Sepals are lanceolate, pointed, 1.2–1.5 cm long, partially fused. The petals are reed-like, round, white, 2-3 cm long. Stamens do not protrude from the corolla.

The fruit is a cylindrical box 2.5 cm long.

In culture since 1874. It occurs in subtropical and tropical forests, up to an altitude of 1350 m above sea level. Distributed from Mexico and the West Indies to Ecuador and Brazil, it usually grows in forests. The epiphytic plant grows in dense colonies of various sizes and colors. Size from 7 to 22 cm. Blooms at different times of the year.

Leaves are 8-30 cm long, up to 7 mm wide, with swollen spherical vaginas, sharply turning into twisted styloid plates, with a pointed tip, exceed the inflorescence, covered with grayish scales.

The peduncle is straight, the leaves on it are red, exceed the inflorescence. The inflorescence is simple or consists of several spikelets. Spikelets are red or green, 2-8-flowered, lanceolate, pointed, compressed, 2-5 cm long. Bracts and bracts are oval, pointed, exceed sepals and internodes, keeled. Sedentary flowers. Petals linear, spiky, blue or purple, 3-4 cm long. Stamens and pestle protrude from the corolla.

The fruit is a narrow-cylindrical box up to 4 cm long.

In culture since 1889. Homeland – Ecuador. An epiphytic plant growing on trees, rocks and very rarely on the ground. It blooms at different times of the year.

The leaves are narrow, linear, form a dense rosette. The plant is photophilous, regular watering is required (in summer – plentiful, in winter – once every 18–20 days) and spraying. Flowering plants do not spray. Propagated by offspring.

Distributed from Central Mexico to Costa Rica, in forests, at an altitude of 100-2000 m above sea level. Epiphytic stemless plant. The size of an average of 25-30 cm. Blossoms in February – March, July.

Leaves form a dense rosette, numerous, covered with scales, green, threadlike.

Peduncle straight, bare, brown-green. Leaves on a peduncle 8 mm long, oval or elliptical, membranous, with veins, barely exceed the internodes, all but the uppermost ones are covered with scales. The inflorescence is wide-pyramidal, forked. Bracts are similar to the upper leaf stalks, glabrous, reaching the lower flowers. Spikelets are almost straight or slightly bent, 10-16-flowered, 10 cm long. Bracts are thin-film, located at an angle of 45 °, equal or longer than internodes, elliptical, blunt-pointed or wide-pointed, equal or longer than sepals. Sedentary flowers. Sepals narrowly elliptic, blunt, thin-film, with veins, glabrous on the outside, inside with scales. Reed petals, with a bent apex, pale lilac, 1 cm long. Stamens are longer than the petals and pestle.

The fruit is a narrow-cylindrical box 2.5 cm long.

In culture since 1866. Distributed in Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, Guatemala, grows at an altitude of 300-2400 m above sea level. Short-stemmed rhizome epiphyte, up to 25 cm tall, with numerous leaves forming a loosely tufted rosette. It blooms in July.

The leaves are numerous, opaque, linearly awl-shaped, hard, densely white or rusty, 6–9 cm long, 2 mm wide.

Peduncle straight or drooping, bare, 1 mm in diameter, the leaves on the peduncle partially cover it, exceed the internodes or (the uppermost) shorter than them, oval, sharply pointed or with a caudal appendage, with protruding veins, densely covered with scales at the bottom.

The inflorescence is simple, loose, 6-8-flowered, 7 cm long. Bracts barely bent, equal or shorter than internodes, widely elliptic, pointed, thin-film, densely pubescent, shorter than sepals. The flowers are bent, on strong pedicels 2-5 mm long. Sepals elliptic, 1.4 cm long. Petals reed, blunt, light red, 3 cm long. Stamens protrude from the corolla.

The fruit is a thin, pointed box 4–5 cm long.

In culture since 1867. Distributed in Peru and Ecuador; in subtropical forests; at an altitude of 850-1000 m above sea level. Recommended for cultivation in rooms on the eastern and northern windows, in conservatories, in terrariums and shop windows. Epiphyte up to 25 cm tall, with numerous leaves forming a loosely tufted rosette. It blooms in September and January.

Leaves are straight, bent at the top, 35 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, linearly triangular; whole extreme; dark green with a reddish tint on top, bluish from the bottom with scales; soft.

Peduncle straight or curved, short. The leaves on it are densely arranged, overlap each other; the lower ones are linear, the upper ones are oval, pointed. The inflorescence is a highly flattened two-row spikelet 16 cm long, 7 cm wide, dense, from numerous (up to 20) flowers. Bracts oval, pointed, leathery, exceed sepals, pink or red. Fading, the spikelets become straw yellow, covered with scattered scales. Flowers up to 3.5 cm long. Sepals are free, up to 2.5 cm long, oval, pointed or blunt, keeled. Petals are also free, 2–2.5 cm long, bent, wide-rhombic, pointed, blue or dark violet.

Specific requirements for growing home-grown tillandsia: to increase air humidity it is recommended to spray, and in winter it is better to place the plant on a pallet with wet sand or expanded clay.

The fruit is a box.

Homeland – South America from Venezuela to Argentina. It grows to an altitude of 1700 m above sea level in dry or humid forests. An epiphytic plant with a short stalk 10–20 cm long with numerous leaves forming a rosette. It blooms in March.

The leaves are narrowly triangular, 6-18 cm long, 4-11 cm wide, long-pointed, covered with scales.

The flowers are beautiful, the peduncle is curved or hanging, short, thin. The leaves on the peduncle are skull-shaped, the upper ones are filmy, covered with scales. The inflorescence is a dense or friable spike at the base up to 7 cm long, 2-3 cm in diameter. Bracts lower narrow, upper elliptical, membranous, from yellow-white to bright pink, spirally located, lower longer than the flowers. Sepals are shorter than bracts, fused, membranous, glabrous at the base. Petals are dull, 1.5–2.5 cm long, blue or purple.

Homeland – South Mexico, Central America. It grows at an altitude of 1000–2500 m above sea level, in foggy mountain forests. The size of an adult plant is about 25 cm. It blooms in June – August.

The leaves are linear-triangular, long-pointed, green, 15–20 cm long, 1 cm wide, curved, densely covered with scales.

Flowers have a very elegant look. Peduncle straight, thin, longer than the leaves. The leaves on the peduncle are densely tiled, lower leaf-shaped, upper elliptical, long-pointed, red. The inflorescence is simple (a flattened two-row spike) or complex (palmate of several ears). The ears are erect, linear-lanceolate, wedge-shaped, dense, multi-flowered, 6-18 cm long, up to 2.5 cm wide. The bracts are leathery, oval, longer than the sepals, with intense lighting the lower ones are bright red, the middle and upper ones are straw yellow to green. Sepals are leathery, fused at the bottom, glabrous. Petals are purple, fused, with straight blunt lobes, 7 cm long, shorter than stamens.

Homeland – Mexico, grows on trees, cacti, rocks, telegraph wires. This is an epiphyte with thin leaves on the hanging long (up to 8 m long) wavy shoots covered with numerous silver scales. In adulthood, moss tillandsia has no roots. The decorative period lasts all year. It is used in flower group compositions and in “bottle gardens”.

Leaves are double-row, filiform, up to 5 cm long, less than 1 mm in diameter. The whole plant is gray from the densely covering scales.

In summer, purple flowers develop at the tips of the shoots. Inflorescences are reduced to one flower. Bracts are oval, pointed or tailed, densely covered with scales. The flowers are almost sessile, pale green or blue. It blooms 5-6 days in July. Faded plants die.

The temperature of the houseplant of tillandsia of this species is 16-20 ° C. The lighting is sufficient, partial shade, it is recommended to grow on the northern windows and in rooms with good ventilation and humidity. Watering should be regular, periodic spraying. Topdressing – once a month with semi-concentrated flower fertilizer in spring and summer.

Propagated by shoots or young rosettes of 7.5-10 cm from spring to early summer at a temperature of 18–22 ° C, as well as seeds.

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