There are three types of protected ground structures: greenhouses, greenhouses, and tunnels. This article will discuss the first of them: you will learn what a greenhouse is, and what types of structures are. In addition, you will receive tips on how to choose the right greenhouse, where it is best to place it on a personal plot and what type of structure is best suited for the implementation of various garden tasks.
A greenhouse is the main, most perfect type of medium- or large-sized cultivation structure, which has a transparent roof (except mushrooms). In greenhouses with the help of modern means, you can create optimal conditions for growing plants. The main difference between greenhouses and greenhouses and structures of insulated soil is that the machines and maintenance personnel are working indoors. A distinction is made between the construction area of a structure (the product of the external length and the width) and the useful area on which plants grow directly.
First, find out what greenhouses are for their intended purpose, the period of operation, the method of cultivation, the type of load-bearing structures, as well as the number of openings and slopes.
What Material Is Better to Choose a Greenhouse for Cottages
Which greenhouse to choose – glazed or film – is a matter of taste for the owner of the summer cottage and its material capabilities. Many are attracted by their fundamental nature of greenhouses under glass. Before building such greenhouses, keep in mind that much more building materials will go to their frame than to film greenhouses. In addition, greenhouses under glass are designed for heating and year-round operation, since in case of heavy snowfalls they can be damaged by snow.
Film greenhouses may also be affected by snow. As a rule, they are not calculated for the snow load, as this significantly complicates the structure.
Film greenhouses are cheaper, require less building materials, better in quality than glazed, which ultimately determines a higher quality of farmed products. At the same time, the use of film greenhouses also has its disadvantages: the need to change the film annually, if it is not stabilized, the risk of web breaks due to the wind. The wind is the main enemy of the film, therefore, special attention is paid to the creation of wind-resistant structures and reliable methods of fastening the film. You can, of course, purchase stabilized films with long service life, but this does not guarantee the integrity of the coating with an improperly selected fixing method. However, such a coating requires a year-round operation.
The choice of the greenhouse is only yours! It is not recommended to spend time and energy building greenhouses from old window frames since such structures are untenable. And most importantly: before you invent something, study the experience of others, analyze the possibilities of your structure to create optimal conditions for plants.