Seeds of monstera are carried by birds on trees and there on the bark, surrounded by mosses, germinate. At first, the monstera grows like an epiphyte, slowly lowering its aerial roots like ropes.
They have a length of more than six meters, a thickness of one to two centimeters and extend one or two from each large sheet. At the soil, these roots bend and release many lateral roots, covered, as in down, with root hairs. In this case, the hanging roots are stretched like strings.
Water rises along with these roots directly to the leaves, and if the root is cut, an aqueous liquid will pour out of it.
The monstera plant looks like a typical vine of Brazilian forests. Her wriggling green stalk with dark spots, traces of fallen leaves, resembles a snake.
In our rooms in cloudy weather, and especially in damp apartments, large drops of water fall from wide leaves of monstera. How to explain the appearance of these drops, similar to tears? This is explained by the conditions for the existence of monsters in their homeland, in the Amazonian forests. There, the air is warm and saturated with moisture. Almost no evaporation.
How do plants evaporate moisture, which they must constantly absorb from the soil along with dissolved salts, which are necessary for growth?
One of the structural features of the monstera is as follows. If you carefully examine the edges of the leaves of the monstera under a microscope, then you can see special holes at the end of the veins – water stomata (hydathodes), through which large drops of water coming from the roots through the vessels of the stem and leaf are squeezed out. These drops run down along the edge of the sheet to a pointed curved “nose”, from which they drip down.
In dry air, monstera leaves, like most other plants, release water in the form of steam.
Leaves evaporate water with numerous small stomata located throughout the leaf (more on the underside). Through these stomata, the gas exchange also occurs (feeding with carbon dioxide and respiration).
Before the rain, when a lot of moisture accumulates in the atmosphere, the monstera begins to squeeze out water from drops of water stomata along the edges of the leaves.
Do not sit down in cloudy weather under the large leaves of the monstera – even in the room you risk falling into the rain.
By the behavior of your monstera, like a barometer, you can predict the onset of rainy weather in a day.
The monstera’s kidney, located along the long stalk of the uppermost leaf, is invisible at first. It separates from the petiole and extends into a long tube, which suddenly unfolds into a shiny pale green leaf. Not a shoot with many leaves, like our trees, appears from the bud, but only one leaf with a new part of the stem and a new bud. This is also an escape, but with one leaf and one kidney.
After all, plants of tropical forests do not have simultaneous leaf fall, and their leaves do not turn yellow. One leaf will fall off, others will grow. So it is with the monstera.
Many owners of this wonderful plant believe that it never blooms. Yes, in the rooms the flowering of monstera is rare, but in its homeland, it blooms and brings fruit-berries, gathered in an ear of twenty centimeters long, resembling an ear of corn. These fruits have a taste and strong aroma of pineapple. That is why the monstera was given the specific name of delicious, that is, delicious, tidbit.
In order for the monstera to bloom in the room, it is necessary to create conditions close to those that she had at home. Monstera’s sunshine has plenty of light. It grows even in poorly lit rooms. Indeed, in the tropical forest, it is rather gloomy, as in a room with windows to the north.
Monstera and Anthurium grow better on the eastern, western and northern windows. It should be watered more often, especially in summer, and even sprayed. The soil should be fertile and retain moisture, loose, easily permeable to air. At the bottom of the pots, drainage is made from a layer of shards.
For the monstera, they prepare a mixture of turf land with peat, moss, and humus. The higher the room temperature, the faster the monstera grows.
Aerial roots should be directed to the ground of the pot. For them, you can put additional pots of earth.
It’s good to put a pot with a monster on two wooden bars placed in a basin with wet moss in the summer. The ends of aerial roots are lowered into this moss.
In dry air, aerial roots quickly stop growing and even dry out. To make the air roots grow to the ground and take part in the nutrition of the upper leaves, they are tied with a layer of peat moss, constantly moistened. To nourish aerial roots, water bottles or moist soil are suspended from them.
With good care, the monstera flower develops rapidly, so it requires wooden supports; its leaves reach seventy centimeters in length, and it can bloom and bear fruit. With good care, such cases were observed, especially in the middle and southern parts of Russia.
The following describes how to care for the monster at home.